The European Union (EU) and Turkey have a long-standing relationship, with Turkey being a candidate for EU membership since 1999. In March 2016, the EU and Turkey reached an agreement aimed at stemming the flow of refugees and migrants from Turkey to the EU.

The agreement, also known as the EU-Turkey statement, included several key provisions. Firstly, Turkey agreed to take back all irregular migrants who travel from Turkey to the Greek islands in exchange for financial assistance from the EU. Secondly, the EU pledged to provide additional funding to support refugees in Turkey. Thirdly, the EU agreed to accelerate Turkey`s visa liberalization process and to reopen accession talks with Turkey.

The agreement was seen as a significant step in addressing the ongoing refugee crisis, as it aimed to reduce the number of migrants making the dangerous journey across the Aegean Sea to Europe. The agreement also acknowledged Turkey`s efforts in hosting millions of refugees, particularly those fleeing the conflict in Syria.

However, the agreement has faced criticism from human rights groups, who argue that it violates the rights of refugees and fails to provide adequate protection for vulnerable individuals. There have also been concerns about the conditions faced by refugees in Turkey, with reports of overcrowding and inadequate access to basic services.

In addition, the EU`s decision to reopen accession talks with Turkey has been controversial, particularly in light of Turkey`s deteriorating human rights record. The Turkish government has been accused of cracking down on dissent and curtailing press freedoms, leading to calls for the EU to take a stronger stance on human rights issues.

Overall, the EU-Turkey agreement remains a contentious issue, with significant implications for both the EU and Turkey. While it has helped to reduce the number of migrants arriving in Europe, it has also raised important questions about EU-Turkey relations and the treatment of refugees and migrants. As the refugee crisis continues to evolve, it is likely that the agreement will remain a topic of debate and discussion for years to come.